North Cyprus Tourist Board - [ QUIZ-11 ] You can win - this is one for ALL C44 readers..!
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[ QUIZ-11 ] You can win - this is one for ALL C44 readers..!

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DutchCrusader



Joined: 19/05/2008
Posts: 11281

Message Posted:
14/03/2011 10:16

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Message 1 of 28 in Discussion

QUIZ (11): There are towers in different shapes as part of (Medieval) defensive systems in Northern Cyprus.

The questions in this Quiz are:

1 : Name the different shapes of the towers (1 point per correct shape).

2 : Name the location (1 point per correct location).

3 : Name the era when the tower was built (1 point per correct answer).

The winner is the participant with the highest score (when I close the Quiz after a couple of days).

▶ Here and there I'll give a cryptic hint, some info or show a picture in this thread...

▶ The prize in this Quiz: an invitation for an "Historical Walk of your choice". ▶[ http://is.gd/i5FGL/Program_of_MCF_Historical_Walks ]



OK, here we go again: expats, swallows and locals, show your knowledge about Northern Cyprus... I hope to see many new participants in this thread...

P.S. Level of difficulty of this Quiz: EASY...

P.P.S. All other Quizzes here: ▶ [ http://is.gd/MHl4g0/Overview_of_updates_of_AAAC_site_in_2011 ]



No1Doyen


Joined: 04/07/2008
Posts: 16617

Message Posted:
14/03/2011 11:11

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Message 2 of 28 in Discussion

The Round Tower.



DutchCrusader



Joined: 19/05/2008
Posts: 11281

Message Posted:
14/03/2011 11:16

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Message 3 of 28 in Discussion

RE msg 2, No1Doyen: (...) The Round Tower (...)

▶ Well done, Bill! Almost...

Your answer should read like this:

1 : The Round Tower

2 : Location:

3 : Era:

1 point for Bill. Try again, before the Quizzes Big Shots enter the competition...



DutchCrusader



Joined: 19/05/2008
Posts: 11281

Message Posted:
14/03/2011 13:59

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Message 4 of 28 in Discussion

HINT-1: In Northern Cyprus there are at least five kinds of, typically shaped, defensive towers...



mamachina


Joined: 22/11/2008
Posts: 730

Message Posted:
14/03/2011 14:56

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Message 5 of 28 in Discussion

Martinengo Bastion

Arrow headed and probably late C14 or early 15 - as it was there for the siege in 1571ish!!



mamachina


Joined: 22/11/2008
Posts: 730

Message Posted:
14/03/2011 15:01

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Message 6 of 28 in Discussion

Horseshoe tower and Round Tower, both Kyrenia, dates pre 14C



DutchCrusader



Joined: 19/05/2008
Posts: 11281

Message Posted:
14/03/2011 15:03

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Message 7 of 28 in Discussion

RE msg 5, mamachina:

1 : Correct: 1 point

2 : Location: _

3 : Era: wrong

Score: No1Doyen 1 pt, mamachina 1 pt.



mamachina


Joined: 22/11/2008
Posts: 730

Message Posted:
14/03/2011 15:07

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Message 8 of 28 in Discussion

Sorry - missed out Location, the Martinengo one is in Famagusta



mamachina


Joined: 22/11/2008
Posts: 730

Message Posted:
14/03/2011 15:08

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Message 9 of 28 in Discussion

Ok medieval for the Martinengo - (cant find a date anywhere!!, so lets go for it 1390!



DutchCrusader



Joined: 19/05/2008
Posts: 11281

Message Posted:
14/03/2011 15:09

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Message 10 of 28 in Discussion

RE msg 6, mamachina:

1 : Horseshoe tower: Correct 1 pt

2 : Location: Kyrenia: where: _____?

3 : Era: depends on answer 2



1 : Round tower: correct answer already given by No1Doyen (msg 2)

2 : Location: Kyrenia: Correct 1 pt

3 : Era: pre 14C: not exact enough.



Score: mamachina 3 pts, No1Doyen 1 pt.



mamachina


Joined: 22/11/2008
Posts: 730

Message Posted:
14/03/2011 15:13

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Message 11 of 28 in Discussion

Horseshow tower, west side of old city walls, halfway between the round tower and the harbour



DutchCrusader



Joined: 19/05/2008
Posts: 11281

Message Posted:
14/03/2011 15:13

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Message 12 of 28 in Discussion

RE msg 5 & 9, mamachina:

1 : Martinengo Bastion: Correct: 1 point (already awarded).

2 : Location: Famagusta: Correct: 1 point

3 : Era: wrong



Score: mamachina 4 pts, No1Doyen 1 pt.



DutchCrusader



Joined: 19/05/2008
Posts: 11281

Message Posted:
14/03/2011 15:19

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Message 13 of 28 in Discussion

RE msg 11, mamachina: (...) Horseshow tower, west side of old city walls, halfway between the round tower and the harbour (...)

▶ Sorry! Wrong.



DutchCrusader



Joined: 19/05/2008
Posts: 11281

Message Posted:
14/03/2011 16:09

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Message 14 of 28 in Discussion

RE msg 5 & 9 & 12, mamachina:

1 : Martinengo Bastion: Correct: 1 point (already awarded).

2 : Location: Famagusta: Correct: 1 point (already awarded).

3 : Era: (information below - including the correct answer - added by Quizmaster).

▶ [ http://www.allcrusades.com/CASTLES/CYPRUS/FAMAGUSTA/PHO_PIC_WEB/walls-around-old-city/pictures/s3500125.html ] and the next picture.

▶ [ http://www.allcrusades.com/CASTLES/CYPRUS/FAMAGUSTA/PHO_PIC_WEB/walls-around-old-city/pictures/s3500125.html ]

▶ [ http://www.allcrusades.com/CASTLES/CYPRUS/FAMAGUSTA/PHO_PIC_WEB/walls-around-old-city/pictures/s3500128.html ].

Score: mamachina 4 pts, No1Doyen 1 pt.



mamachina


Joined: 22/11/2008
Posts: 730

Message Posted:
14/03/2011 16:38

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Message 15 of 28 in Discussion

Gosh the Bastion was new wasnt it, when they had the siege? Must admit it was a guess - but as you say, very wrong!!



DutchCrusader



Joined: 19/05/2008
Posts: 11281

Message Posted:
14/03/2011 17:11

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Message 16 of 28 in Discussion

Answered (msg14): Martinengo bastion, Famagusta



NOT answered yet:

1 : The Round Tower

2 : Location: Kyrenia

3 : Era: ___? For one point.



NOT answered yet:

1 : Horseshoe tower: Correct 1 pt

2 : Location: Kyrenia: where: ___? For 1 point.

3 : Era: depends on answer 2: ___? For one point.



And there are three more "typically shaped towers" in Northern Cyprus...

Score: mamachina 4 pts, No1Doyen 1 pt.

12 More points to score in this Quiz...



DutchCrusader



Joined: 19/05/2008
Posts: 11281

Message Posted:
14/03/2011 20:04

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Message 17 of 28 in Discussion

Here's some help in this Quiz...



Partly answered : 1 : Round tower (round outside, round inside) : Kyrenia, era: ___?

Not answered yet : 2 : Half round tower or bastion (round outside, round inside) : location: ___? era: ___?

Not answered yet : 3 : Half round tower or bastion (round outside, square inside) : location: ___? era: ___?

Not answered yet : 4 : Square tower (square outside, square inside) : location: ___? era: ___?

Partly answered : 5 : Horseshoe shaped tower : Kyrenia, era: ___?

Answered : 6 : Arrow headed tower (bastion) : msg 14 : Martinengo Bastion, Famagusta 16th century (1550-59).



Score: Mamachina 4 pts, No1Doyen 1 pt.



DutchCrusader



Joined: 19/05/2008
Posts: 11281

Message Posted:
14/03/2011 20:16

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Message 18 of 28 in Discussion

And one more...

Not answered yet : 7 : Round tower (massive) : location : ___? era: ___?



If you don't walk around in TRNC with your eyes closed you must have seen all these towers..!



DutchCrusader



Joined: 19/05/2008
Posts: 11281

Message Posted:
14/03/2011 21:46

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Message 19 of 28 in Discussion

Looks like I'm going to win my own Quiz again..! Well done, DC...



DutchCrusader



Joined: 19/05/2008
Posts: 11281

Message Posted:
15/03/2011 09:30

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Message 20 of 28 in Discussion

RE msg 17: (...) Partly answered : question 1 : Round tower (round outside, round inside) : Kyrenia, era: ___? (...)

▶ To complete the correct answer: Era: built from circa 1200, after the Lusignan family had received Cyprus as a fief from Richard I PlantagenÍt "the Lionheart". The Franks were afraid of land attacks by the unruly Cypriot peasants so they built the huge Round Tower as the second most important part of walled Kyrenias defense (only the castle was more important).

http://www.allcrusades.com/CASTLES/CYPRUS/KYRENIA/PHO_PIC_WEB/Girne-Kyrenia-outside/pictures/s3500013.html



P.S. Other fine examples of a round tower: tower, part of the old Lusignan castle in Famagusta (known as Othellos Tower, although Shakespeare never set foot on Cyprus nor did Othello ever live in Famagusta! ).

http://www.allcrusades.com/CASTLES/CYPRUS/FAMAGUSTA/TEXT/citadel-or-othellos-tower/CITADEL-GROUNDPLAN/citadel-groundplan-txt-1.html

[ MORE ]



DutchCrusader



Joined: 19/05/2008
Posts: 11281

Message Posted:
15/03/2011 09:38

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Message 21 of 28 in Discussion

[ CONTINUED from msg 20 ]



And don't forget the huge North Western round tower as part of Kyrenia Castle. Built from circa 1540 by the Venetians who, informed by their ambassador in Istanbul (previously: Constantinople) and spies on the mainland, began to fear an Ottoman Turkish attack on Cyprus. The attack came in 1570/71. All the expensive work at Kyrenia Castle had been in vain - the castle surrendered to the Ottoman Turks without one shot been fired...



mamachina


Joined: 22/11/2008
Posts: 730

Message Posted:
15/03/2011 11:44

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Message 22 of 28 in Discussion

Hey - I dont think the "Othello" tower is fair, I did consider it, but its really the whole thing isnt it?



DutchCrusader



Joined: 19/05/2008
Posts: 11281

Message Posted:
15/03/2011 12:26

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Message 23 of 28 in Discussion

RE msg 22, mamachina: Please read Shakespeare's masterpiece "Othello" (again), especially Act I, and tell me if the author used "Othello's Castle" and "Othello's Tower" or not... I stand to be corrected...



mamachina


Joined: 22/11/2008
Posts: 730

Message Posted:
15/03/2011 14:00

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Message 24 of 28 in Discussion

I wouldnt dare correct you!! And I did put it as a question as I wasnt sure!



DutchCrusader



Joined: 19/05/2008
Posts: 11281

Message Posted:
15/03/2011 17:37

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Message 25 of 28 in Discussion

RE msg 17: (...) Partly answered : 3 : Half round tower or bastion (round outside, square inside) : location: ___? era: ___? (...)

▶ To complete the correct answer: location: Kyrenia. Between the vanished curtain wall from the Round Tower (msg 21) to the North to what is now the Greek Orthodox church near the Dome hotel. There most probably used to be another half round tower or bastion (round outside, square inside), but this tower has vanished also. The stones of the vanished tower were re-used to build houses (by the Venetians, 1489 - 1570/71). The existing tower faced a moat and now faces the previous Elephteria (Freedom) Street now called Canbulat Sokak (the street with all the mobile phone shops).

Era: built from circa 1200, after the Lusignan family had received Cyprus as a fief from Richard I PlantagenÍt "the Lionheart".

Hmmm. Three more points for the Quizmaster...

[ MORE ]



DutchCrusader



Joined: 19/05/2008
Posts: 11281

Message Posted:
15/03/2011 17:46

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Message 26 of 28 in Discussion

[ CONTINUED from msg 25 ]



The location of the half round outside, square inside wall tower in Kyrenia:

▶ [ http://www.allcrusades.com/CASTLES/CYPRUS/KYRENIA/MAPS/kyrenia_town_map_1.html ].



Picture of the wall tower here:

▶ [ http://www.allcrusades.com/CASTLES/CYPRUS/KYRENIA/KYRENIA_TOWN/kyrenia_town_txt_2.html ].



DutchCrusader



Joined: 19/05/2008
Posts: 11281

Message Posted:
16/03/2011 08:23

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Message 27 of 28 in Discussion

RE msg 17: (...) Not answered yet : 2 : Half round tower or bastion (round outside, round inside) : location: ___? era: ___? (...)

To answer the question: A dozen of the finest examples are found in Walled Famagusta. Built between 1540-1560. The half round or half circular towers have Italian (Venetian) names, because they were paid for by the richest Venetian families (merchants) in Famagusta at the time. The Serene Republic of Venice understood the importance of the walls and bastions and donated 60.000 gold Ducats to its most Eastern possession, Famagusta.

P.S. A walk in the moat of Walled Famagusta will show you how impressive the (outside of the) defensive works are. Take the stairs down into the moat at the Rivettina bastion (or: Ravelin) and turn left for a 45 minutes walk or turn right for a 30 minutes walk.

[ MORE ]



DutchCrusader



Joined: 19/05/2008
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Message Posted:
16/03/2011 08:34

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Message 28 of 28 in Discussion

[ CONTINUED from message 27 ]



If you ever want to walk the Famagusta dry moat - don't do it between July-September or do it very early in the morning, because the heat can be unbearable.

The location of the Famagusta walls and all bastions (clickable for more information!):

▶ [ http://www.allcrusades.com/CASTLES/CYPRUS/FAMAGUSTA/MAPS/famagusta_town_map_1.html ].

Start with a virtual walk via my Photobook:

▶ [ http://www.allcrusades.com/CASTLES/CYPRUS/FAMAGUSTA/PHO_PIC_WEB/walls-around-old-city/index.html ].



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